1- Abstinence from all types of sexual exposure
2 – Being faithful to your sexual partner (husband or wife). Also do the premarital / pre-sex HIV test.
3- Using male or female condom consistently and continuously during sexual contact. It reduces the risk of HIV transmission by >98%
4- Using antiviral tablets before sexual contact, which is known as pre-exposure prophylaxis. It reduces the risk of HIV transmission by 92%
5- Male circumcision reduces the risk of HIV transmission by 50 -60%
6- Testing pregnant women for HIV & offering immediate therapy and prophylaxis prevents mother to child transmission of the virus. It reduces the risk from 300/1000 infected child/infected mother to 1/1000.